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MORE KNOPPIX CHEAT-CODES


Here is the full official list of Knoppix cheatcodes and other useful information.
For all of you still having troubles running this unique distro from CD.
Most of you will never need this, just because on most hardware Knoppix does not need anything else then: ¨ knoppix lang=en¨ to get the English version.

QUOTE (Info @ Website Knoppix)

These options (can be combined) work from the SYSLINUX bootprompt:

knoppix lang=cn|de|da|es|fr|it|nl  specify language/keyboard
knoppix lang=pl|ru|sk|tr|tw|us      specify language/keyboard
knoppix alsa (or alsa=es1938)      Use ALSA sound driver (at your own risk)
knoppix desktop=fluxbox|icewm      Use specified WM instead of KDE
knoppix desktop=kde|larswm|twm      Use specified WM instead of KDE
knoppix desktop=wmaker|xfce        Use specified WM instead of KDE
knoppix screen=1280x1024            Use specified Screen resolution for X
knoppix xvrefresh=60                Use 60 Hz vertical refresh rate for X
knoppix xserver=XFree86|XF86_SVGA  Use specified X-Server
knoppix xmodule=ati|fbdev|i810|mga  Use specified XFree4-Module (1)
knoppix xmodule=nv|radeon|savage|s3 Use specified XFree4-Module (2)
knoppix xmodule=radeon|svga|i810    Use specified XFree4-Module (3)
knoppix 2                          Runlevel 2, Textmode only
knoppix floppyconfig                Run "knoppix.sh" from a floppy
knoppix myconf=/dev/sda1            Run "knoppix.sh" from a partition
knoppix myconf=scan                Try to find "knoppix.sh" automatically
knoppix home=/dev/sda1/knoppix.img  Mount loopback file as /home/knoppix
knoppix home=scan                  Try to find knoppix homedir automatic.
knoppix no{apic,agp,apm,audio,ddc}  Skip parts of HW-detection (1)
knoppix no{firewire,pcmcia,scsi}    Skip parts of HW-detection (2)
knoppix no{swap,usb}                Skip parts of HW-detection (3)
failsafe                            Boot with (almost) no HW-detection
knoppix pci=irqmask=0x0e98          Notebooks, if PS/2 mouse doesn't work
knoppix pci=bios                    Workaround for bad PCI controllers
knoppix ide2=0x180 nopcmcia        Boot from PCMCIA-CD (transmeta notebooks)
knoppix mem=128M                    Specify Memory size in MByte
knoppix dma                        Enable DMA for ALL IDE-Drives
knoppix noeject                    Do NOT eject CD after halt
knoppix-txt                        No framebuffer at startup
knoppix vga=normal                  No-framebuffer mode, but X
knoppix blind                      Start Braille-Terminal (no X)
knoppix brltty=type,port,table      Parameters for Braille device
knoppix wheelmouse                  Enable IMPS/2 protocol for wheelmice
knoppix nowheelmouse                Force plain PS/2 protocol for PS/2-mouse
fb1280x1024                        Use fixed framebuffer graphics
fb1024x768                          Use fixed framebuffer graphics
fb800x600                          Use fixed framebuffer graphics
knoppix keyboard=us xkeyboard=us    Use different keyboard (text/X)
knoppix testcd                      Check CD data integrity
expert                              Interactive setup for experts
Hint: Using the default DE-bootimage, SYSLINUX boots with german keyboard
layout. The '=' letter is located at Shift-0 on this keyboard (just in
case you want to change keyboard and language with lang=us).

If your KNOPPIX CD makes strange noises during boot, or you see
frequent errors like "cloop: read error", or programs on your KDE
desktop keep crashing randomly, then your CD image is probably defective
or incomplete, or your CD-burner created a defective CD due to wrong
writing speed or bad media. This is the most common error reported.
Please boot with "knoppix testcd" to check if the CD is OK, and/or even
better, verify the MD5 checksums that are present on the mirrors before
writing the CD. Also, please read the KNOPPIX-FAQ.

In case of a failing hardware autodetection, try booting with any of
the "no-" options as shown in the table above, like in
  knoppix noagp noddc noapm noapic nodma nopcmcia noscsi nousb
to skip some critical parts of the autodetection system.

The "noswap" option is useful for a forensic analysis without touching
existing swap partitions.

Some Boards apparently don't pass the proper memory size to the
linux-kernel. It may cause the message "Panic: cannot mount root file
system" and the system hangs. Use "knoppix mem=128M" to solve that
problem if your system has 128MByte memory for example (caution:
you MUST use a capital "M" here).

Try "knoppix pci=irqmask=0x0e98" if (you have a notebook and) your PS/2
mouse doesn't work. (Possibly caused by a BIOS-flaw on your board.)

The "expert" mode provides a very simple and not yet well tested interface
to loading additional Kernel modules from floppy disks (ext2 or vfat),
plus interactive configuration of mouse/keyboard/soundcard/xserver.
"expert" mode supports the same boot options as "knoppix".

The "floppyconfig" or "myconfig=/dev/partition" options allow you to
reconfigure the system after autoconfiguration by running a bourne
shell script called "knoppix.sh" from the root directory on the given
device (or floppy). There is a GUI to create such a configuration
floppy disk calles "saveconfig" (also located in the KDE menu under
"KNOPPIX", but experts also know how to do this by creating their own
shellscripts. From Version 2.1 and up, a file called "knoppix.sh", if
located in the toplevel KNOPPIX directory on CD, will also be executed
at startup. This makes ist easier to create customized versions without
having to change anything on the compressed filesystem KNOPPIX/KNOPPIX.

Starting from Version 2.0, SCSI-Emulation is active for all CD-Roms,
so IDE CD-Writers should work with the installed versions of cdrecord
and cdrdao (or the graphical frontends thereof, cdbakeoven, xcdroast
and gcombust).

If your BIOS does not support el torito booting from CD, you can create
a bootable floppy disk by issuing (on Linux)
dd if=mounted_cdrom_directory/KNOPPIX/boot.img of=/dev/fd0 bs=18k
or, in case of DOS, use the rawrite.exe program provided in the
KNOPPIX directory on CD.

If you wish to remaster the CD, please don't forget to specify
        -b KNOPPIX/boot.img
for the german version of the bootfloppy, or
        -b KNOPPIX/boot-en.img
for the english version, as option to mkisofs. Otherwise your CD
won't be bootable. The directory KNOPPIX, containig the compressed
filesystem file "KNOPPIX", must be located in the top level
directory of the CD.

Caution: X-Screensaver: Don't start xlock or any screensaver that
requires a password. There are no default passwords on KNOPPIX,
i.e. all accounts are LOCKED unless you explicitly set a password.
See also README_Security.txt about this issue.
If you accidentially hit the screensaver button in KDE,
switch to one of the textconsoles by Control-Alt-F1 and kill
the screensaver (or just set a password for the knoppix user).

If you would like to edit your X-Server configuration manually
(/etc/X11/XF86Config-4 for XFree86 V4.x), use "knoppix 2" to boot
into runlevel 2 (textmode only) and type "ls /usr/X11R6/bin/XF*"
to see a list of all available X-Servers. Once you verified
that your X-Server is working correctly, you can run the X startup
script with "/etc/init.d/xsession start".


Have fun with your Knoppix !


Bruno


-- May 29 2003 ( Revised Dec 14 2005 ) --


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